Asian Journal of Biology 2022-12-07T07:53:19+00:00 Asian Journal of Biology Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;">The aim of <strong>Asian Journal of Biology&nbsp;(ISSN: 2456-7124)</strong>&nbsp;is to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/AJOB/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) with broad areas of Aerobiology, &nbsp;Agriculture, Anatomy, Astrobiology, Biochemistry, Bioengineering, Bioinformatics, Biomathematics or Mathematical Biology, Biomechanics, Biomedical research, Biophysics, Biotechnology, Building biology, Botany, Cell biology, Conservation Biology, Cryobiology, Developmental biology, Food biology, Ecology, Embryology, Entomology, Environmental Biology, Epidemiology, Ethology, Evolutionary Biology, Genetics, Herpetology, Histology, Ichthyology, Integrative biology, Limnology,&nbsp; Mammalogy, Marine Biology, Microbiology, Molecular Biology, Mycology, Neurobiology, Oceanography, Oncology, Ornithology, Population biology, Population ecology, Population genetics, Paleontology, Pathobiology or pathology, Parasitology, Pharmacology, Physiology, Psychobiology, Sociobiology, Structural biology, Virology and&nbsp; Zoology. By not excluding papers based on novelty, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer-reviewed, open-access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> Temitomyces heimii– A Nutritious and Medicinally Important Wild Edible Mushroom of Similipal Forests, Odisha Boosting Tribal Health and Economy 2022-12-07T07:53:19+00:00 Supriya Kulkarni Santosh Joshi Hrudayanath Thatoi <p>Mushrooms are consumed worldwide because of their nutritional, medicinal values as well as pleasant taste and flavour. Wild edible mushrooms are source of livelihood for poor and landless people which they consume and sell the surplus mushrooms in the nearby market. Many people are not aware about the edibility of wild mushrooms which are generally confined to the tribal areas. However, tribals are aware of the edible mushrooms due to their age-old traditional uses and fond of hunting mushrooms during rainy season. The present paper deals with availability, collection, consumption pattern of wild edible mushrooms by tribals communities, along with preservation and economical contribution of <em>Termitomyces heimii</em>, a popular wild edible mushrooms profusely growing during rainy season of the Similipal, state of Odisha, India.</p> <p>Similipal has a greater diversity of mushrooms throughout the length and breadth due to its varying soil and climate conditions. <em>T. heimii </em>collected the tribal people from near forest area in 4-5 different times in huge quantities during July to October. It partly consumed and rest of the mushroom are sold in the market at a price of Rupees 300/- to 400/-. <em>Termitomyces</em> were more frequently available in Sal (<em>Shorea robusta</em>) forests. Many traders visit forest fringe villages and collect this mushroom from local collector’s and sell it in the marker with profit. Due to its taste, the mushroom has got very high demand in this locality that, it is sold within 5-6 hours after reaching to market. It is assessed that mushrooms worth 14 lakhs are sold in Baripada alone a nearly town of Similipal. The valuation <em>T. heimii</em> alone made by the authors during the field assessment showed that, the entire of Similipal is contributing economically nearly 1.2 crore value of mushrooms as contribution towards livelihood of tribal people. In interior areas tribal people preserve the mushrooms after drying it and consume later during after the season is end. During the study, a survey was conducted in villages adjoining to the forests and local markets to assess the quantities of mushrooms collected from forest and the value of selling valve on the market. Exercise was conducted to know the traditional preservation practice of this mushroom by tribals. From the present investigation, it is concluded that <em>T. heimii</em> is an important wild edible mushroom from Similipal which provides, nutrition and economic boost to the tribals in Similipal region. This promising species can be explored for its domestication in view of its preferred food value as well as a livelihood support of the rural poor people.</p> 2022-12-07T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Assessment of Biologically Active Components and Nutritional Contents of Seed Kernels of Opioro and Julie Mango Varieties: A Right Step for Drug Discovery 2022-10-22T08:55:35+00:00 K. C. Nwachukwu O. C. Ugbogu N. C. Nwachukwu <p>This study was aimed at investigating the biologically active compounds and nutritional compositions in the seed kernels of Opioro and Julie varieties with medicinal qualities. The seed kernels were milled, dissolved in methanol and concentrated with rotary evaporator. The chemical compounds in these extracts were analyzed with Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry while the mineral and proximate compounds were assessed with the methods of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC). Both Opioro and Julie did not contain similar chemical compounds. A total of 22 chemical compounds were obtained from Opioro while only 13 compounds were discovered in Julie. Five bioactive compounds from Opioro namely cholest-5-en-3-ol, (3.alpha.) (31.63%), 2-Pyridinamine, N-(4,5-dihydro-5-methyl-2-thiazolyl)-3-methyl- (14.74%), 2-Methyl-7-phenylindole (6.96%), benzo[h]quinoline, 2,4-dimethyl (6.61%) and 7-Methyl -2-phenyl-1H-indole (4.27%) were abundant. In Julie, only Octadecanoic acid, 6-Octadecenoic acid, 1, 2, 3-Benzenetriol and n-Hexadecanoic acid were plentiful with the highest peak percentage of 39.76%, 16.05% and 5.41% respectively. The protein, fibre, moisture and ash contents from Opioro and Julie were not significantly different but, the carbohydrates varied (P&lt;0.05) between 71.36±0.37% and 70.22±0.44% and fats varied (P&lt;0.05) between 7.20±0.48% and 9.21±0.31% respectively. Phosphorus (1610.00±14.00 ppm), calcium (4595.00±7.07 ppm), and magnesium (1984.50±21.92 ppm) were high in Julie while zinc (18.197±0.25), copper (14.960±0.09), iron (319.615±2.28) and manganese (337.940±5.80) were more in Opioro than Julie. The seed kernels of Opioro and Julie have abundant bioactive compounds with medicinal properties. The essential mineral elements and rich proximate compounds in both extracts are potentially required and can be capable of improving the health and nutritional conditions of both humans and animals.</p> 2022-10-22T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Maximizing the Role of the Internal Larval Parasitoid, Meteorus gyrator (Thunberg) in the Open Field as a Biological Control Agent Considering the Effects of Climatic Changes 2022-11-21T07:15:05+00:00 Mohamed A. Gesraha Amany R. Ebeid Shahira S. Marei Ola O. El-Fandary Atef Abdel-Rahman Aly <p><strong>Background</strong><strong>:</strong> Members of Braconidae, <em>i.e.,</em> <em>Meteorus</em> spp. assault certain lepidopterous larvae in Egyptian fields. The recorded species <em>M.rubens</em> (gregarious) and <em>M</em>.<em>gyrator</em> (solitary) were the most species reared from some lepidopterous larvae attacking various host plants in two chosen Governorates in Egypt through two experimental years. This work aims to increase the parasitizing efficiency of <em>M.gyrator</em> in fields by releasing an impressive number of parasitoid adults.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong><strong>:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Samples of lepidopteran larvae were picked up from the prevailing plants in fields of El-Ghaebia and El-Sharkia Governorates, for two successive years (2020 to 2021). The prevailing plants are: clover, cabbage, okra, tomato, maize, jew's mallow, bean, soybean, cotton, pea, and lettuce. Collected larvae were reared under optimal conditions until their pupation or in anticipation of the migration of the full-grown endoparasitoid's larvae for pupation.</li> <li><strong>Parasitoid’s production:</strong> Species of some lepidopterous larvae were reared in the NRC laboratory for large-scale manufacturing of the parasitoid <em>Meteorus gyrator</em>.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Results</strong><strong>:</strong> Acquired results uncover that <em>Agrotis ipsilon</em> was the primary noctuid host larvae of <em>M. rubens</em> during its abundant periods (February-May). While in case of <em>M.gyrator</em> it was recorded in fewer numbers (at its abundant periods, May-August); which was raised from other lepidopteran larvae.</p> <p>The <em>M. rubens</em> parasitism percentage reached 26.50 and 21.79% at El-Gharbia Governorate through the two experimental years, respectively; whereas in the case of<em> M. gyrator</em> it was 2.25% in the 2<sup>nd</sup> experimental year only. In El-Sharkia, <em>M. rubens</em> parasitism percentage was 18.60 and 28.60%, respectively throughout the two experimental years; while it was 10.00% for <em>M. gyrator</em> in the first year only.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong><strong>:</strong> To boost the productivity of this solitary internal parasitoid as a bio-control agent, it is mandatory to increase its adults population in any field.</p> 2022-11-21T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##