Fish Cultivation Techniques for Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio Linn.) Strain “Mantap” at Center for Freshwater Fish Cultivation (BBPBAT) Sukabumi, West Java, Indonesia

Yuli Andriani *

Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang Regency, West Java, Indonesia.

Rusky I. Pratama

Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang Regency, West Java, Indonesia.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The cultivation of Carp (Cyprinus carpio, Linn) in hatcheries can be approached through various methods, including traditional, semi-intensive, and intensive techniques. Presently, many hatchery operations still adhere to traditional practices. This activity aimed to actively engage with, study, apply and report advanced techniques in the breeding of Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio, Linn). This practical training was conducted between May 22, 2023, and July 14, 2023, at the Sukabumi Freshwater Aquaculture Center (BBPBAT). Data collection during the activity encompassed both primary and secondary sources. Natural spawning of Common Carp was executed with a male-to-female sex ratio of 2:1, utilizing 60 male broodstock with an average weight of 500 grams and 30 female broodstock weighing around 2,000 grams each. The results of this spawning procedure yielded a fertilization rate of 82.77% and a hatching rate of 68%. Subsequently, 600,000 larvae were obtained from the spawning process. These larvae were then transferred to a nursery pond with a stocking density of 300 individuals per square meter (300 individuals/m2). Over a span of 24 days in the nursery pond, a survival rate of 51.5% was achieved. This activity served as a hands-on exploration of advanced Common Carp breeding techniques at the BBPBAT facility, providing valuable insights into modern hatchery management.

Keywords: Common carp, fertilization rate, hatching rate, hatchery, survival rate


How to Cite

Andriani, Yuli, and Rusky I. Pratama. 2023. “Fish Cultivation Techniques for Common Carp (Cyprinus Carpio Linn.) Strain ‘Mantap’ at Center for Freshwater Fish Cultivation (BBPBAT) Sukabumi, West Java, Indonesia”. Asian Journal of Biology 19 (3):32-43. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajob/2023/v19i3370.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Directorate General of Aquaculture. Decree of the Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries of the Republic of Indonesia Number 24/KEPMEN-KP/2015 concerning the Release of Mantap Common carp. Jakarta: Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries; 2015.

Marzuki. Research Methodology. Yogyakarta: Publishing Department, Faculty of Economics, UII; 1983.

Ritonga LBR, Nasuki, and Sari LI. Natural Koi Fish (Cyprinus carpio) Hatchery in Mina, Main Source of Koi. Chanos chanos. 2022;20(2):89-103.

Effendie MI. Fisheries Biology Methods. Bogor: Dewi Sri Foundation; 1979.

Effendie MI. Fisheries Biology. Bogor: Nusantara Library Foundation; 1997.

Ramadhan R, and Sari LA. Natural Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) Hatchery Techniques in the Freshwater Aquaculture Development Technical Implementation Unit (UPT PBAT) Umbulan, Pasuruan. Journal of Aquaculture and Fish Health. 2018;7(3):124-132.

Hasibuan S, Syafriadiman, Nuraini, Nasution S, Darfia NE. Liming and Fertilization to Improve the Water Quality of Cultivation Ponds in Rumbai Bukit, Rumbai District, Pekanbaru. Journal of Community Service. 2021;27(4):293-300.

Ismail A, Khumaidi. Common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) Hatchery Techniques at the Tenggarang Bondowoso Fish Seed Center. Journal of Fisheries Science. 2016;7(1):32.

Fani F, Inalya I, Rani Y, A'yunin Q, Evi T. Use of Clay for Successful Spawning of Siamese Patin Fish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus). Scientific Journal of Fisheries and Marine Affairs. 2018;10(2):91-94.

Keshavanath P, Gangadhara B, Basavaraja N, Nandeesha MC. Artificial Induction of Ovulation in Pondraised Mahseer, Tor Khudree using Carp Pituitary and Ovaprim. Asian Fisheries Science. 2006;19:411–422.

Ishaqi AMA, Sari PDW. Spawning Koi Fish (Cyprinus carpio) Using Semi-Artificial Methods: Observation of Fecundity Values, Degree of Egg Fertilization and Egg Hatchability. Journal of Fisheries and Maritime Affairs. 2019;9(2):216-224.

Fajarwati M, Andriani Y. Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) Hatchery Techniques at the Cimaja Fish Seed Center (BBI) UPTD, Sukabumi Regency, West Java. Indonesian Journal of Aquaculture Medium. 2022;2(2):86-98.

Sutarjo GA. The effect of sucrose concentration with the cryoprotectant dimethyl sulfoxide on the quality of carp (Cyprinus carpio linn.) eggs in the cryopreservation process. Gamma Journal. 2015;9(2):20-30.

Zamzami I, Sunarmi P. Management of Carp (Cyprinus carpio) Hatchery in the Umbulan Freshwater Aquaculture Development Technical Implementation Unit (UPT), Pasuruan Regency, East Java Province. Journal of Fisheries Science. 2013;4(1):30-31.

Masitoh D, Subandiyono and Pinandoyo. Effect of Different Feed Protein Content with an E/P Value of 8.5 kcal/g on the Growth of Common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Journal of Aquaculture Management and Technology. 2015;4(3):46-53.

Ridwantara D, Buwono ID, Suryana AAH, Lili W, and Suryadi, IBB. Test of Survival and Growth of Steady Carp (Cyprinus carpio) Seeds in Different Temperature Ranges. Journal of Fisheries and Maritime Affairs. 2019;10(1):46–54.

Sabrina, Ndobe S, Tis’i M, Tobigo DT. Growth of Carp (Cyprinus carpio) seed with different biofiltering media. Journal of Fisheries and Marine Extension. 2018; 12(3):215– 224.

Ramli A. Techniques for Maintaining Carp (Cyprinus carpio L) Seeds in Nursery Ponds at the Sukabumi Freshwater Aquaculture Center, West Java. Thesis. Pangkajene State Agricultural Polytechnic, Pangkep Islands. Pangkep; 2018.

Hidayat D, Sasanti AD, Yulisman. Survival, Growth and Feed Efficiency of Snakehead Fish (Channa striata) fed with feed made from Mas snail (Pomacea sp.) Flour. Indonesian Rawa Aquaculture Journal. 2013;1(2):161-172.

National Standardization Agency. SNI 6132: Common carp fries (Cyprinus carpio Linneaus) Majalaya strain spread seed class. Jakarta: National Standardization Agency; 1999.

Prakosa, Galang DR, Ayu R. Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) Breeding Technique in Freshwater Aquaculture Management Unit (UPBAT) Pasuruan, East Java. Samakia: Journal of Fisheries Science. 2016;7(2):78–84.

National Standardization Agency. SNI 6137: 1999 Fries Production of Common carp (Cyprinus carpio Linneaus) “Sinyonya” strain spread seed class. Jakarta: National Standardization Agency; 1999.

Sulawesty F, Chrismadha T, Mulyana E. Growth Rate of Common carp (Cyprinus carpio L) by Feeding Fresh Lemna (Lemna perpusilla Torr.) in a Closed Flow System Pond. Limnotek. 2014; 21(2):177–184.

Sihite ER, Rosmaiti, Putriningtias A, Agus PAS. Effect of High Stocking Density on Water Quality and Growth of Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) with the Addition of Nitrobacter. Scientific Journal of Ocean Aquatics. 2020;4(1):10–16.

Hidayat A, Yulisma DS. Survival, growth and feed efficiency of snakehead fish (Channa striata) fed feed made from golden snail flour (Pomacea sp). Indonesian Swamp Aquaculture Journal. 2013;1(2):161–172.

Rahman MM. Role of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) in aquaculture production systems. Frontiers in Life Science. 2015;8(4):399-410.