Diversity and Distribution of Macro Fungi in Some Selected Parks and Gardens of Dhaka City, Bangladesh

Main Article Content

J. F. Tanni
F. M. Aminuzzaman
M. Ahmed
M. Rahaman

Abstract

A survey was conducted during June to November, 2017 in five selected parks and gardens of Dhaka city, Bangladesh namely National Botanical Garden, National Zoo, Romna Park, Dhanmondi Lake and Boldha Garden. The investigation was done to analyze the morphology, diversity and distribution of macro fungi A total of 44 macro fungi samples were collected and identified to 32 species under 18 genera and 18 families. The most frequent collected genera were Ganoderma sp., Daedeleopsis sp., Ramariopsis sp., Crepidotus sp. and Daldinia sp. The maximum frequency of identified species was exhibited by Ganoderma lucidum (9.46%), followed by Ganoderma applanatum (8.1%), Volvariella volvacea (5.41%), Agaricus bisporus (5.41%) Daedaleopsis confragosa (4.05%), Trametes versicolor (4.05%) and Ganoderma boninense (4.05%). The maximum density of occurrence among collected samples was exhibited by Ramariopsis kunzei (11.3%), Ganoderma lucidum (9.9%), Crepidotus variabilis (5.3%) and Daedaleopsis confragosa (3.76%). The predominant species found in National Botanical Garden is Ganoderma applanatum, in Ramna Park is Ganoderma lucidum, in Dhanmondi Lake is Ramariopsis kunzei, in Boldha Garden is Ganoderma lucidum and in National zoo is Amanita bisporigera. The collected specimens were deposited to the Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University Herbarium of Macro Fungi (SHMF).

Keywords:
Macro fungi, frequency, density, diversity, Ganoderma, Agaricus, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Article Details

How to Cite
Tanni, J. F., Aminuzzaman, F. M., Ahmed, M., & Rahaman, M. (2020). Diversity and Distribution of Macro Fungi in Some Selected Parks and Gardens of Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Asian Journal of Biology, 9(1), 23-43. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajob/2020/v9i130076
Section
Original Research Article

References

Shaw CG, Kile GA. Armillaria root disease. Agriculture Handbook No.691. Forest Service, United States Department of Agriculture. Washington, D.C. 1991;233.

Cheung PC. Mushrooms as functional foods. Food Science and Technology. 2008;268.

Das K. Diversity and conservation of wild mushrooms in Sikkim with special reference to barsey rhododendron sanctuary. Botanical Survey of India, Sikkim Himalayan Regional Centre P. O. Rajbhawan, Gangtok - 737103, Sikkim, India. NeBIO. 2010;1(2):1-1.

Miles P, Chang ST. Mushrooms: Cultivation, nutritional value, medicinal effect and environmental impact. CRC, Boca Raton, FL. 2004;451.

Chopra CM. Common edible fungi. Bugens publishing company, India. 1933;223-230.

Purakasthya RP, Chandra A. Manual of Indian edible mushrooms. Today and tomorrow’s Publication, New Delhi; 1985.

Rashid MH, Akhter K, Chowdhury MSM, Aminuzzaman FM. Biodiversity, habitat and morphology of mushroom of different forest regions of Bangladesh. Inter J Advan Res. 2017;5(9):945-957.

Barros BAV, Baptista P, Estevinho LM, Ferreira ICFR. Chemical composition and biological properties of Portuguese wild mushrooms: A Comprehensive Study. J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56:3856–3862.

Wani H, Pala SA, Boda RH, Mir RA. Morels in Southern Kashmir Himalaya. J. Mycol Pl Pathol. 2010;40:540-546.

Marjana A, Aminuzzaman FM, Chowdhury MSM, Mohsin SM, Das K. Diversity and ecology of macrofungi in Rangamati of Chittagong Hill Tracts under tropical evergreen and semi-evergreen forest of Bangladesh. Advan Res. 2018;13(5):1- 17.

Dickinson C, Lucas J. VNR Color Dictionary of Macrofungi. New York, New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.1982;29.

Jorden P. The Macrofungi Guide and Identifier. Anness publishing limited Hermes house London; 2000.

Pegler D, Spooner B. The Macrofungi Identifier. Quintet publishing limited; 1997.

Zoberi MH. Some edible mushrooms from Nigeria. Nigerian Field.1973;38:81-90.

Das K, Aminuzzaman FM. Morphological and ecological characterization of xylotrophic fungi in mangrove forest region of Bangladesh. J Advan Biol Biot;. 2017;11(4):1-15.

Rumainul MI, Aminuzzaman FM. Macro fungi biodiversity at the central and northern biosphere reserved areas of tropical moist deciduous forest region of Bangladesh. J Agric Ecol Res. 2016;5(4): 1-11.

Pushpa H, Purushothama KB. Biodiversity of mushrooms in and around Bangalore (Karnataka), India. American-Eurasian J Agric Environ Sci. 2012;12(6):750-759.

Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA. Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed). Wallingford, UK: CAB International. 2008;695.

Thiribhuvanamala G, Prakasam V, Chandrasekar G, Sakthivel K, Veeralakshmi S, Velazhahan R, Kalaiselvi G. Biodiversity, conservation and utilization of mushroom flora from the Western Ghats region of India. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Mushroom Biology and Mushroom Products (ICMBMP7), Tamil Nadu, India. 2011;155-164.

Farooq M, Akram A, Afzal R, Nazir. Ethno-morphological studies of mushrooms collected from Soon Valley. J Phar Biol Sci. 2018;8(5):5-11.

Rubina H, Aminuzzaman FM, Chowdhury MSM, Das K. Morphological characterization of macro fungi associated with forest tree of National Botanical Garden, Dhaka. J Advan Biol & Biot. 2017;11(4):1-18.

Rumainul MI, Aminuzzaman FM, Chowdhury MSM. Biodiversity and morphological characterization of mushrooms at the tropical moist deciduous forest region of Bangladesh. American J Expt Agric. 2015;8(4):235-252.

Rashid, SN, Aminuzzaman FM, Islam MR, Rahman M, Rumainul MI. Biodiversity and distribution of wild mushrooms in the southern region of Bangladesh. J Advan Biol Biot. 2016;9(1):1-25.

Chandulal K, Gopal C, Priya J. Studies on biodiversity of fleshy fungi in Navsari (South Gujarat), India. Inter J Biodiversity and Conservation. 2013;5(8):508-514.

Buchalo AS, Solomon PW, Oksana BM, Viktor TB, Margarital L. Taxononical significance of mycrostructures in pure cultures of macromycetes. Proc Int Confer on Mushroom Biology and Mushroom Products; 2011.

Aminuzzaman FM, Das K. Morphological characterization of polypore macro fungi associated with Dalbergia sissoo collected from Bogra district under social forest region of Bangladesh. J Biol Nat. 2017;6(4):199-212.

Rashid MH, Akhter K, Chowdhury MSM, Aminuzzaman FM. Biodiversity, habitat and morphology of mushroom of different forest regions of Bangladesh. Inter J Advan Res. 2017;5(9):945-957.

Tanjim A, Aminuzzaman FM, Rahaman M, Tanni JF. Biodiversity, distribution and morphological characterization of macro fungi in Sylhet and Moulvibazar under tropical evergreen and semi-evergreen forest regions of Bangladesh. Int J Adv Res. 2019;7(11):567-589.

Wang XC, Xi RJ, Li Y, Wang DM, Yao YJ. The species identity of the widely cultivated Ganoderma, ‘G. lucidum’ (Ling-zhi), in China. Plos One. 2012;7(7):408-571.

Dwivedi S, Tiwari MK, Chauhan UK, Panday AK. Biodiversity of mushrooms of Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve forest of Central India. International J Phar Life Sci. 2012;3(1):1363-1367.

Ram RC, Pandey VN, Singh HB. Morphological characterization of edible fleshy fungi from different forest regions. Indian J Sci Res. 2010;1(2):33-35.

Rahaman M, Aminuzzaman FM, Hossain MB, Rashid SN, Rumainul MI. Biodiversity, distribution and morphology of mushrooms of south western region of Bangladesh. J of Advan Res and Tech. 2016;4(3):60-79.

Mohanan C. Macrofungi of Kerala. Kerala, India: Kerala forest Research Institute. 2011;597.

Andrew C, Heegaard E, Halvorsen R, Martinez-Peña F, Egli S, Kirk PM, Bässler C, Büntgen U, Aldea J, Høiland K, Boddy L. Climate impacts on fungal community and trait dynamics. Fungal Ecology 2016;22:17-25.

Bunyard AB. A survey of fungal diversity in Northeast Ohio. The Ohio Journal of Science. 2003;103(2):29-32.

Smith AH. The North American Species of Naemalotoma. Mycologia.1951;43(5): 467.

Das K, Aminuzzaman FM, Akhtar N. Diversity of fleshy macro fungi in Mangrove forest regions of Bangladesh. Journal of Biology and Nature. 2017;6(4):218-241.

Ripkova S, Glejdura S. Crepidotus ehrendorferi in Slovakia and taxo-nomic notes on related species. Czech Mycol. 2010;61(2):175–185.

Bandala VM, Montoya L, Mata M. New species and records of Crepidotus from Costa Rica and Mexico. Fungal Diversity. 2008;32:9-29.

Eggert C, LaFayette PR, Temp U, Eriksson KE, Dean JF. Molecular analysis of a laccase gene from the White rot fungus. (Pycnoporus cinnabarinus). Appl Environ Microbiol. 1998;64:1766-72.

Chater AO, Brummitt RK. Subspecies in the works of Lepiota atrodisca.Taxon; 1966.

Rajesh K, Ashwani T, Shailesh P, Rajib K, Devapod B, Jayasree B. Macro-fungal diversity and nutrient content of some edible mushrooms of Nagaland, india. Nusantara Bioscience. 2013;5(1):1-7.

Junior NM, Asai T, Capelari M, Paccola-Meirelles LD. Morphological and molecular identification of four Brazilian commercial isolates of Pleurotus spp. and cultivation on corn cob. Brazilian Arc Biol Tech. 2010; 53(2):397-408.

Antonín V, Buyck B. Marasmius (Basidiomycota, Marasmiaceae) in Madagascar and the Mascarenes. Fungal Diversity. 2006;23:17-50.

Hosen MI, Li TH, Deng WQ.Amanita cinereovelata, a new species of amanita section lepidella from Bangladesh. Mycol Progress. 2015;14:35-37.

Lee HT, Nuytinck J, Verbeken A, Lumyong S, Desjardin D. Lactarius in northernspores and refractive hyphae in Amanita. Mycotaxon. 2007;52:305-396.